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Jindal Africa

The company currently has two copper concessions some 150km from the capital Lusaka, where it is involved in exploration activities to determine the extent of the copper reserves. Jindal Africa is also exploring the best means and model to adopt for its planned copper smelter, which will go a long way to contributing to the country''s ability ...

Process Description and Abbreviated History of Anglo ...

South Africa Abstract – Waterval Smelter complex is situated in Rustenburg, in South Africa''s North West Province. The smelter objective is to process wet concentrate to produce crushed, slow-cooled, sulphur-deficient nickel-copper matte rich in platinum group metals (PGMs), gold, and base metals for despatch to the Magnetic Concentration ...


South Africa . Operations South Africa; ... such as old copper wiring. In fact, we have been smelting recycled scrap since 2005 and have processed up to 2.8 million pounds of copper from scrap per year, enough to provide the electrical wiring in 6,400 new homes. ... A cookie is a small file of letters and numbers that we store on your browser ...

Evaluation of preventive and control measures for lead ...

In South Africa, new lead regulations released in February 2002 served as motivation for a cross-sectional study investigating the effectiveness of preventive and control measures implemented in a lead smelter that recycles lead-acid batteries. Twenty-two workers were observed and interviewed. Struc …

A Look at the Largest Copper Smelters

 · The Toyo Smelter and Refinery, located in the cities of Saijo and Nihama, Japan, are operated by Sumitomo Metals Mining Co. Ltd. Fed by concentrate from South America, Australia, and southeast Asia, including that from the Sierra Gorda mine, the refinery also extracts gold and molybdenum as by-products from the copper.

Smelting Iron in Africa (A DEMONSTRATION)

 · this is a demonstration. this is how they did it two centuries ago. now they buy their iron imported from china, just as we do. smelting iron from ore by a...

An Overview of Copper Smelting in Southern Africa

165 kt/a. The Konkola Copper Mines (Sterlite) Nkana Smelter was closed in 2009. SOUTHERN AFRICAN COPPER SMELTERS CURRENTLY IN OPERATION Kansanshi – Solwezi, Zambia The Kansanshi copper smelter – the newest copper smelter in Zambia, and one of the newest in the world – is located in Solwezi, the capital of the North-Western Province of Zambia.


An archaeological site in Serbia contains the oldest securely dated evidence of coppermaking from circa 7,500 years ago. The find in June 2010 extends the known record of copper smelting by about 800 years, and suggests that copper smelting may have been invented in separate parts of Asia and Europe at that time rather than spreading from a single source.

Copper mining and smelting technology in the northern ...

 · The northern Lowveld is in the north-east corner of South Africa, where erosion has exposed the Precambrian basement of the Kaapvaal craton.The Lowveld has a rich archaeological record of settlement during the Late Iron Age (LIA - ca. 1000 cal CE to 1880 CE) linked to exploitation of the salt (Evers, 1974, Antonites, 2013), iron and copper resources of the region (Miller et al., 2001).

Rodney Jones, Mintek Phillip Mackey, PJ ...

Copalcor–Germiston, South Africa • South Africa''s largest secondary copper smelter • Scrap-melting induction furnaces supply molten metal for slab casting, hot rolling,and extrusionof copper and brass • Three furnaces provide capacity to smelt over 400 tons per month, roughly 5 kt/a • Copalcoralso manufactures various furnace


We mine and process copper ore in the key mining regions of Africa, Australia and South America. We source and recycle copper scrap in North America and Asia. And we smelt and refine copper at smelters and refineries around the world. Our copper marketing business supplies a range of customers in the automotive, electronics and construction ...

Copper Smelter Crusher In South Africa

Copper Smelter Crusher In South Africa Products. As a leading global manufacturer of crushing, grinding and mining equipments, we offer advanced, reasonable solutions for any size-reduction requirements including, Copper Smelter Crusher In South Africa…

Palabora Mining Company

 · South Africa''s only producer of refined copper, Palabora Mining Company (PMC) concentrates on an open pit mine and associated underground mines of the unique mineral formation called the Palabora Igneous Complex. The company operates a mine, smelter complex and refinery in the province of Limpopo, and employs over 2000 people, producing ...

Copper: An Ancient Metal | Dartmouth Toxic Metals

Beginning in the late 1600s, copper smelting became a major industry in Great Britain. Copper ore from Cornwall and other areas and coal deposits throughout the country fueled the smelting of copper. An abundance of coal in Swansea, Wales made this coastal town a prime location for Britain''s copper smelting activities beginning in early 1700s.

Top Copper Stocks for Q3 2021

 · Freeport-McMoRan Inc.: Freeport-McMoRan is a leading international mining company with significant reserves of copper, gold, and molybdenum. The company has operations in North and South America ...

Smelter and Smith: Iron Age Metal Fabrication Technology ...

 · Metal working was introduced to southern Africa about 2000 years ago by black agriculturists. In the first millennium ad they produced both copper and iron. Copper was smelted from hydrated carbonate ores, and made into jewellery. Iron was produced from a variety of oxide ores and fabricated into jewellery as well as more utilitarian items like ...

Smelters & Refiners Lists

Active Smelter & Refiner Lists. The active lists represent smelters and refiners that have committed to undergo an RMAP assessment, completed the relevant documents, and scheduled the on-site assessment. These may be in the pre-assessment, assessment, or corrective-action phases of the assessment. The RMI notes on the active smelters list the ...

Smelter and Refiner List

This list below includes smelters and refiners identified in Apple''s supply chain as of 31 December, 2020 of Identified Tin, Tantalum, Tungsten, Gold, Cobalt and Lithium smelters and refiners have completed a Third Party Audit. For more details, as well as the most current status of each Tin, Tungsten, Tantalum, Gold and Cobalt smelter or

Mineral resources and energy | South African Government

Palabora, a large copper mine, smelter and refinery complex managed by the Palabora Mining Company in Limpopo is South Africa''s only producer of refined copper. Useful by-product metals and minerals include zirconium chemicals, magnetite and nickel sulphate as well as small quantities of gold, silver and platinum.

8. China''s Mining Footprint in Africa

However, with respect to China''s imports of iron ore and copper, Sub-SaharanAfrica is still a relatively small (but growing) contributor. China has shown a growing interest in the mining belt of central southern Africa,comprising Zambia, Tanzania, and Mozambique. This area is well endowed with copper,iron, gold, manganese, and other base metals.

Copper Mines | Anglo American

01. LOS BRONCES - 65 kilometres from Santiago and 3,500 metres above sea level, Los Bronces is one of the biggest copper mines in the world. 02. COLLAHUASI - Located at 4,400 metres above sea level in Northern Chile, we own 44% of Collahuasi mine. 01.


Nickel and copper are the primary metals, but we also produce cobalt and precious metals such as gold, silver, platinum and palladium. Our Raglan Mine facilities include four active underground mines, a concentrator, power plant, administrative and accommodation facilities, a fresh water supply source and fuel tanks. Raglan Mine.

Pre-Feasibility study of Copper Smelter Plant –II

The first integrated copper Smelter -I complex at Thoothukudi was commissioned for commercial production during 1997. The company owns copper mines in Australia and remaining requirements of copper concentrate is imported from Chile, South America, Australia and Indonesia. The proposed Copper Smelter –II project is a green field project.

Namibia Custom Smelter

1988 - TCL taken over by Gold Fields South Africa and administered by Gold Fields Namibia (GFN) 2000 - Mines and smelter acquired by Ongopolo Mining and Processing Limited (OMPL) 2006 - Weatherly Mining International acquires OMPL 2010 - acquired by Dundee Precious Metals: Website: : Plant : Tsumeb Smelter: Coordinates*

Evaluation of net smelter returns in the South African PGE ...

decreases below the agreed base price. This allows smelters to participate in rises/falls in the metal prices, and is usually combined with ''floors'' and ''caps'' to limit the processor''s loss or gains. The authors have no evidence of price participation being applied in PGE smelting contracts in South Africa.

List of aluminium smelters

This is a list of primary aluminium smelters in the world. Primary production is the process by which alumina is smelted to pure aluminum metal. Secondary production is the process of recycling aluminum scrap into aluminum that can be used again. Capacity here refers to metric tonnes of output aluminum.

Advances in SA''s ferroalloy smelting

transport cost of ore to the smelter plant make it advantageous to produce ferrochrome in South Africa, these aspects do not have the same influence for ferromanganese - most ferromanganese producing plants are located close to the steel production plants, in Japan, Germany, and now China, says Davies. Mechanical Technology — December 2008

O''okiep Copper Company, South Africa

 · Name: O''okiep Copper Company Location: It is located in the western region of the Northern Cape Province of South Africa. Brief history: A large number of …

Kamoa-Kakula Project | Ivanhoe Mines Ltd.

 · The Kamoa-Kakula Copper Project — a joint venture between Ivanhoe Mines (39.6%), Zijin Mining Group (39.6%), Crystal River Global Limited (0.8%) and the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo (20%) — has been independently ranked as the world''s largest, undeveloped, high-grade copper discovery by international mining consultant Wood Mackenzie.

Copper metallurgy in Africa

There is a lack of evidence of smelting in West Africa; however casting continued to be present and is well documented. The most common ore in Africa is malachite and it was used mainly with hardwood charcoal the smelting process (Bisson et al. 2000). Copper throughout Africa Central and South Africa

Furnace in South Africa | Gumtree Classifieds in South Africa

gold/copper/aluminium furnace avail Joburg. Contact for Price. Get this 7kg gold furnace (gas) fired Can be used for copper or aluminium Get diamond test kits/gold test kits, borax, nitric Aqua regia, miners moss, gold pans,mercury Call 0740969729 ... Read More. Johannesburg South 11 hrs ago.

History of Copper – Copper Development Association Africa

Copper smelting was independently invented in different places. It was probably discovered in China before 2800 BC, in Central America around 600 AD, and in West Africa about the 9th or 10th century AD. Investment casting was invented in 4500–4000 BC in Southeast Asia and carbon dating has established mining at Alderley Edge in Cheshire, UK ...