Corporate Social Responsibility History Zusammenfassung
Zur Geschichte von Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Antike Illustration einer Webstuhl-Maschine Quelle: iStock. Die Verantwortung von Unternehmen für. There is a long and varied history associated with the evolution of the concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). However, a historical. This chapter gives an introduction to and the history of CSR in Norway. Parallel to the development of industry and political changes, the. Carroll, Archie B. (): A History of Corporate Social Responsibility, Concepts and Practices, in: Crane, Andrew et al. (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Corporate. Learn about Patagonia's history with corporate and social/environmental responsibility in the supply chain from to present and the road ahead.
Corporate Social Responsibility, , Achtes deutsch-österreichisch-schweizerisches Symposium, Hamburg Juni Hrsg. v. Holger. Carroll, Archie B. (): A History of Corporate Social Responsibility, Concepts and Practices, in: Crane, Andrew et al. (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Corporate. Learn about Patagonia's history with corporate and social/environmental responsibility in the supply chain from to present and the road ahead.
Although each of these prevailing theories of the corporation has some validity, none of these theories offers a complete description of what a corporation is.
The artificial entity theory understates the role of individuals in organizing, operating, and owning the corporation by arguing that corporations exist based upon the will of the state alone.
This theory also underplays the identity of the corporation as a collective of individuals and the state acting together.
The real entity theory underemphasizes the role of the state and individuals in organizing, operating, and owning the corporation by focusing on the corporation as a distinct entity.
Finally, the aggregate theory underplays the role of the state in the creation of the corporation by focusing on the individuals who organize, operate, and own the corporation and the relationships among them.
Beyond that, each prevailing theory of the corporation focuses on how the corporation exists without getting at why the corporation exists.
The question of why a corporation exists should be part of formulating any essentialist theory of the corporation because the development of corporations is well-documented, and because understanding why corporations exist goes to their essential nature.
As a result, this article and my other works introduce a new theory of the firm, collaboration theory. This theory views the corporation as a collaborative effort among a state government and those individuals organizing, operating, and owning the business entity to pursue economic development and economic gain.
This theory of the corporation provides a better description of the corporate form because it fully entails what corporations are.
In regard to corporate social responsibility, under collaboration theory, corporations are obligated to seek profits based on the deal struck among the state and individuals owning, operating, and organizing the corporation, but the co-adventurers in the corporation are obligated to treat each other in good faith whenever possible.
This means beyond engaging in socially responsible behavior when it supports profit maximization, those organizing, operating, and owning corporations should engage in such behavior in two additional circumstances to fulfill their implied duty of good faith.
First, in instances in which the socially responsible behavior neither financially benefits nor financially harms the corporation, which means it is cost neutral, the corporation should engage in socially responsible behavior to fulfill the implied duty of good faith within the collaboration.
Second, in instances in which the financial benefit to the business entity is uncertain, the corporation should engage in socially responsible behavior to fulfill the implied duty of good faith within the collaboration.
Because the future is often uncertain, this means that in many instances corporations should engage in the socially responsible course of action.
Of course, this does mean that corporations should engage in socially irresponsible ways when the financial benefit to the corporation is clear and the activity is legally permissible.
Because of the uncertainty of life, this is only going to be the rarest of circumstances. The collaboration with the state is based upon the notion that those organizing, operating, and owning the corporation can and should pursue economic development and economic gain, even if at times it involves bad behavior.
Growing criticisms of the emerging factory system, working conditions, and the employment of women and children were being brought to light, especially in the United States.
The consensus among reformers was that current employment practices were contributing to social problems, including poverty and labor unrest.
However, industrial betterment and welfare movements at the time were viewed as a combination of humanitarianism and business acumen.
Also making an appearance in the late s was the rise of philanthropy. Industrialist Andrew Carnegie, who made most of his fortune in the steel industry, was known for donating large portions of his wealth to causes related to education and scientific research.
Following in the footsteps of Carnegie, oil industry business magnate John D. Rockefeller also donated more than half a billion dollars to religious, educational, and scientific causes.
Although responsible companies had already existed for more than a century before, the term Corporate Social Responsibility was officially coined in by American economist Howard Bowen in his publication Social Responsibilities of the Businessman.
As such, Bowen is often referred to as the father of CSR. This contract brought forward the idea that companies function and exist because of public consent and, therefore, there is an obligation to contribute to the needs of society.
By the s, early CSR continued to evolve as more organizations began incorporating social interests in their business practices while becoming more responsive to stakeholders.
The s marked the beginning of widespread approval of CSR. In , University of Pittsburgh professor Donna J.Insgesamt haben wir den Eindruck, dass die Umfrage ein effektives Mittel zum Messen der Wirkung der Brandschutzschulungen auf die Arbeiterinnen und Arbeiter in unseren Bekleidungsfertigungsbetrieben ist, weshalb wir diese Umfragen auch Gewinn Versteuern den kommenden Jahren durchführen möchten. A review of greenwashing research and implications for the voluntary-mandatory transition of CSR. Jetzt informieren. Green paper: promoting a European framework for corporate social responsibility COM final. Zurück Game Hud Zitat Gilje, N. Get the Beta on Patagonia. Sie haben ein sehr nützliches Tool für uns entwickelt, um die detaillierten Daten, die wir von Casino Chip Display Bekleidungsfertigungsbetrieben gesammelt haben, sowie die Paypal 5 Euro, die uns die FLA bereitgestellt hat, auszuwerten. Im Jahr aktualisieren wir unsere Analyse der Kosten Joyclub in unserer Bekleidungsfertigungs-Lieferkette und können berichten, dass unsere Zulieferer im Durchschnitt 88 Prozent des Existenzlohns zahlen. Drei unserer acht Zuschneide- und Nähbetriebe gehören inzwischen der FLA an und müssen die gleichen hohen Free Poker Live erfüllen, wie wir selbst. Conducting research Deutsch Pokal reviews: from the internet to paper. management practices of two US and two EU companies that are recognised leaders in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Drawing on the history of CSR. Corporate Social Responsibility, , Achtes deutsch-österreichisch-schweizerisches Symposium, Hamburg Juni Hrsg. v. Holger. Corporate Social Responsibility and Beyond: The history and future of CSR | Győri, Zsuzsanna | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher. A history of corporate social responsibility: concepts and practices. Archie B. Carroll. Year of publication: Authors. corporate social responsibility corporate social performance economic sociology economic history theory of action new institutionalism in economic sociology.