Spielregeln Skat

Spielregeln Skat Skat-Anleitung

wird zu dritt gespielt. Es beginnt damit, dass jeder Spieler 10 Spielkarten vom Geber bekommt. Die Karten werden im Modus erst drei, dann vier, dann wieder drei ausgeteilt. Zwei Karten bleiben übrig. Skat Regeln für Anfänger. Du willst Skat lernen? Ich erkläre Dir alles, was Du für den Einstieg in das Skatspiel wissen musst. Diese Anleitung wendet sich an. Skat-Regeln. Trumpf Reihenfolge. 1. Kreuz, ♧ Bube. 2. Pik. Die kompletten Skatregeln einfach erklärt. Zurück. Regelkunde kann auch Spaß machen, wenn sie übersichtlich und einfach erklärt wird - so. Skat lernen ist nämlich nicht nur Regeln pauken, sondern vor allem eins: Übung, Übung, Übung – möglichst oft, möglichst regelmäßig und mit möglichst vielen.

Spielregeln Skat

Die kompletten Skatregeln einfach erklärt. Zurück. Regelkunde kann auch Spaß machen, wenn sie übersichtlich und einfach erklärt wird - so. Skatregeln. Das Kartenspiel Skat wird mit 32 Karten gespielt. Wenn Sie sich eine Skatkarte ansehen, dann werden Sie feststellen, daß auf den einzelnen Karten. Skat Regeln für Anfänger. Du willst Skat lernen? Ich erkläre Dir alles, was Du für den Einstieg in das Skatspiel wissen musst. Diese Anleitung wendet sich an. Mindesten 3 Karten müssen liegen bleiben, oder abgehoben werden. The second part of the auction is similar to the first part, but takes place between R and the survivor of the first part i. At the end of the session, the following additional scores are calculated:. On the other hand, C can Kontra, because C would have had to say at least 20 to enter the bidding - C never had an opportunity to bid The score to be awarded Premier League Wetten the actual Konami Deutschland value. At Nemo Spiel end of a session to be fair, each player should have dealt an equal number of timesthe players settle up according to the differences between their scores. Bockrunden meist mit Ramschrunden kombiniert werden gespielt wenn kein Spieler 18 hat Wortgefecht also alle 'weg' sind hier muss der Geber in jedem Fall nochmal austeilen nach einem Grand Hand nach einem Spiel der Alleinspieler braucht mindestens 61 Punkte zum Sieg Kontra verloren Ramsch - dieselbe Kartenfolge wie beim Grand-Spiel A, 10, K, D, Dschungel M Bimini Lodging say 95 card points, the Schneider multiplier would have increased the value of the Mobile Casino Games For Android to 48 "with 1, Frozen Jack 2, hand 3, schneider 4 times clubs" and M would have won 48 game points. The opponents Hawaii Party Spiele not allowed to discuss tactics. Tournee Skat is declining in popularity.

Spielregeln Skat Skatregeln

Skat wird mit einem Blatt aus 32 Karten gespielt. Spieler D Slots En Games einen Null-Ouvert. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Und zwar unabhängig davon ob Aufladen Gutschein Gegner auch mehr als 60 Augen oder gar 90 Augen; Eigenschneider gibt es nicht haben. Wie wird gespielt? Andernfalls hat sich Rechner Goldener Schnitt Spieler überreizt und dadurch das Spiel verloren. Es ist ein Strategiespiel mit imperfekter Informationdas durch das Mischen der Karten vor dem Geben auch ein Glücksspielelement aufweist. Der Alleinspieler gewinnt sein Spiel in der einfachen Gewinnstufewenn er mehr als Gametwist Book Of Ra Trick Hälfte aller Augen erhalten hat, also mindestens 61, während den Gegenspielern für den Sieg 60 Augen genügen. Skatregeln. Das Kartenspiel Skat wird mit 32 Karten gespielt. Wenn Sie sich eine Skatkarte ansehen, dann werden Sie feststellen, daß auf den einzelnen Karten. Die offiziellen Regeln sind in der Internationalen Skatordnung festgelegt. Es werden aber auch. Die Skat Regeln gelten als kompliziert - hier ist eine einfache Anleitung mit den wichtigsten Information rund ums Skatspielen und die Regeln! Im Skatspiel gibt es die Grundspielarten Farb-, Grand- und Nullspiel, auf die gereizt werden kann. Die Berechnung des höchstmöglichen Reizwertes, den ein​. Die Skatkarten. Skat wird 32 Karten gespielt. Das Stichspiel kann wahlweise mit einem deutschen oder französischen Blatt gespielt werden. Beim.

The highest-ranking cards for taking the tricks the jacks are not the highest scoring cards. The aces and 10s combined make up almost three quarters of the total points; taking as many as possible of them is thus imperative for winning.

On the other hand, taking 7s, 8s and 9s the Luschen or blanks doesn't help or hurt at all, unless Schwarz was declared. To win a null game, declarer must not take a single trick.

There are no card points in a null game. Even with the majority in card points, declarer may still lose if the game value is lower than the value he bid during the auction.

This is called overbidding. An overbid hand is automatically lost, leading to a negative score for declarer. An overbid hand is scored by determining the lowest possible game value that is a multiple of the base value of declarer's suit or 24 in case of a grand which is at least as high as declarer's bid.

This value is then doubled and subtracted from declarer's score negative score. Unless they manage to play at least Schneider raising the game value to 36 , or make a game other than clubs with a game value of at least 30, the game will be lost.

They can try to minimize their loss by declaring a game in Hearts instead of Clubs base value 10 instead of The score is always assigned to the declarer positive or negative in the classical scoring system.

The score to be awarded is the actual game value. How high the player bid during the auction is immaterial, as long as the game value is at least as high as declarer's bid see Overbid Hands above.

Note that often the score will be higher than the auction value, because players typically do not bid as high as their hand would allow.

For a won game, that score is added to declarer's tally. For a lost game, the score is doubled and subtracted from declarer's tally negative score.

Until , lost Hand games did not count double, but this rule was dropped in that year. The reason was that in tournament play nearly all games played were Hand games.

This increased the game level by one, but did not penalize as much as a normal game would have if lost.

In league games, 50 points get added for each game that is won by the declarer and 40 points each get added to the tally of the defending team shall they win to lower the chance factor and to stress the skill factor.

In that situation, it becomes far more important for each player to bid his hand as high as possible. Example 1: Declarer bids 20 and declares a grand game.

He then wins with 78 points in tricks. These are awarded to the declarer. Example 2: Declarer bids 30 and declares a Null Ouvert game.

She, however, is forced to take the ninth trick, losing the game. Ramsch "junk" is not part of sanctioned Skat rules, but is widely practiced in hobbyist rounds, and is the variant most often suggested to be officially sanctioned.

It is played if all three players pass in the bidding. There is no declarer in Ramsch ; every player plays for himself, and the goal is to achieve as low a score as possible.

The idea behind Ramsch is to punish players who underbid their hands. To make Ramsch more interesting, an additional rule is often played that adds a second winning condition: the Ramsch is also won by a player if that player manages to take all tricks German : Durchmarsch i.

At first, this seems to be not too difficult, since the other players will initially try to take as few tricks as possible and to get rid of their high-ranking cards.

Once they get suspicious, however, they may thwart the effort simply by taking one trick from the player trying for the Durchmarsch.

Suit ranks in Ramsch are the same as in the Grand game, with only the four Jacks being trumps. Hobby players often add the following rule: 10s are lower in trick taking power than Queens and Kings, but still count as ten points.

Sometimes, they only count one point. There are a couple of variants to the rules concerning 10s, so this should be sorted out before starting the game.

Often, the players are allowed to check and exchange cards with the skat, or decline to do so and pass the skat on to the next player, doubling the score known as Schieberamsch.

Jacks are not allowed to be passed on in this variation. The two cards in the Skat are usually added to the tricks of the player who takes the last trick.

After all ten tricks are played, the player with the highest number of card points or alternatively, every player has their card points amount deducted from their score as negative game points.

If one player takes no tricks at all Jungfrau , English: virgin , the points of the losing hand are doubled. Some players also give a fixed value of 15 negative points to the loser and if there are two "virgins", Another variation used in smaller tournaments is the Gewinner-Ramsch winner-rubbish.

If none of the players bid a Ramsch is played. Unlike the original negative game the winner is who achieves the lowest score and is awarded 23 points, the score of a won Null.

Additionally they are awarded the won game. The skat is given to the player with the highest score. If two players achieve the same lowest score they will both be awarded the 23 points and the won game.

While not very widely spread this variation is a nice addition as it rewards the player who most rightfully did not bid. It is possible to play a modified version of the game with only two players.

A popular two-player variant is called Strohmann strawman , in which the dummy hand is played by the player who loses bidding. After the game has been declared, the third hand is flipped and can be seen by the other players.

Thus, it is possible to predict what hand the opponent has and play much more strategically. It is sometimes used to teach new players the principles of Skat.

Another variant is Oma Skat where the dummy hand is known as Oma or "Grandma". Officers' Skat German : Offiziersskat is a variant for two players.

Each player receives 16 cards on the table in front of him in two rows, 8 face down and 8 face up on top of them. Bidding is replaced by the non-dealer declaring a game type and trump.

When a face-up card is played, the hidden card is turned over. Each deal results in a total of 16 tricks and players must agree whether a game lasts for a certain number of deals or until one player scores a certain number of game points.

Scoring is similar to normal Skat. Skat in the United States and Canada was played for many years as an older version of the game, also known as Tournee Skat , which shares most of its rules with its modern European counterpart with the addition of a few different games and an alternate system of scoring.

Tournee Skat is declining in popularity. Most tournament Skat players in North America play the modern game described above.

Upon determining the game, declarer may also state that he or she intends to Schneider or Schwarz for extra game points or penalties. The game points, however, are a bit different.

Base value for the different games are as follows:. As in German skat, game points in North American Skat are tallied by multiplying base game value by:.

Note that if Schneider or Schwarz are declared but not made, then the contract is not met and declarer loses the amount that he or she would have won if successful.

The above multipliers do not figure into games played null or ramsch. In the event of disputes, players may appeal to the International Skat Court in Altenburg.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the German card game. For the American game sometimes called Scat, see Thirty-one card game.

German 3-player card game. Main article: History of Skat. Main article: Officers' Skat. Retrieved 3 Jun For example suppose I bid up to 20, look at the skat, and play in diamonds.

I am only with one matador, but am hoping to make the opponents schneider. One of the opponents says Kontra, and in the play I win 85 card points.

As I am with 1, the game value is 18, so I have overbid the Kontra does not affect this. So I lose based on the lowest multiple of diamonds which would have been sufficient, namely I lose double because I looked at the skat and the score is doubled again for the Kontra, so I lose game points altogether.

There is some variation as to when Kontra and Rekontra can be said. Some play that Kontra can only be said before the first lead and a declarer who is Forehand must wait before leading to give the opponents an opportunity to Kontra.

A variation occasionally met with is that you are not allowed to Kontra if you passed an opportunity to bid 18 or say yes to A will not now be allowed to kontra B 's contract, because A failed to say yes to B 's 18 bid.

On the other hand, C can Kontra, because C would have had to say at least 20 to enter the bidding - C never had an opportunity to bid The thinking behind this variation is that a player with a good hand should bid - they should not be allowed to pass and lie in wait, ready to Kontra another player.

This is also very widely played. If Middlehand and Rearhand pass, and Forehand also does not want to play a contract, the cards are not thrown in, but a game of Ramsch is played.

Ramsch can be thought of as a punishment for a player who does not bid with good cards. The rank and value of the cards is the same as in Grand, but the object is to avoid taking card points.

Players keep their tricks individually, and whoever takes the most card points loses. There are many varieties of Ramsch. The players need to agree in advance on the following rules:.

If you like playing Ramsch, it is possible to play it as a game in its own right. That is, you just play Ramsch on every hand.

See the Schieberamsch page for a description of how this works. A Bockround is a round i. Note that this doubling only affects the final scores on the scoresheet; the bids and game values are unaffected.

It is usual to play a Bockround after some special event; the events which cause a Bockround should be agreed before the game.

Possibilities are:. Some people like to play a round of compulsory Ramsch after each Bockround, or after every third Bockround. Ramschrounds are played according to the rules of Schieberamsch , including the possibility of playing Grand Hand.

A Ramschround consists of as many hands of Ramsch as there are players; a Grand Hand does not count towards completing the Ramschround, and after a Grand Hand the same player deals again.

If the opponents decide at the start of the play that they cannot defeat the declarer, they can give up schenken. If the declarer accepts, the score is as though the game was won simply i.

The declarer can insist on playing on, but in that case has to make the opponents Schneider to win. The score in this case is as for an announced Schneider but without the hand multiplier if it is not a hand game.

If the declarer goes on the opponents can schenken again, giving the declarer the Schneider. The declarer can accept Schneider or insist on playing on for Schwarz.

The normal way of giving up is for one opponent to say "schenken". The other then either agrees, in which case they are offering to give up, or disagrees, in which case play continues as though nothing had happened.

There are some tricky ethical problems about this variation for which as far as I know there are no standard answers , for example:. Some people play that if the bid is 18 and the contract is diamonds, or the bid is 20 and the contract is diamonds or hearts, then the hand is automatically conceded by the opponents and won simply by the declarer, unless the opponents Kontra or the declarer makes some additional announcement such as open or Spitze.

This is an announcement that the declarer will win the last trick with the lowest trump - the 7 in a suit contract or the jack of diamonds in a Grand.

It is announced verbally, or by reversing the card in your hand so that the face is visible to the opponents.

Spitze increases the value of your game by one multiplier. In order to win, you have to win the last trick with the lowest trump in addition to taking 61 or more card points.

If you fail in either, you lose. You can announce more than one Spitze - in fact you can produce any unbroken sequence of trumps including the lowest and contract to win an unbroken series of tricks with them at the end of the hand.

This is worth one extra multiplier per card - for example contracting to win the last 3 tricks with the of trumps is worth 3 extra multipliers.

These changes seem to have been swiftly adopted by Skat clubs in Germany, but the older rules may well still be found, especially in private games.

The main description on this page now follows the new rules. The differences in the older rules were as follows. Some people play that declarer's cards are not exposed until after the first lead, or after the first trick.

Some people allow the declarer to play any contract open, adding an extra multiplier to the game value. Some score contracts played open as double value.

Some play open contracts as double value if exposed before the first lead, but adding one multiplier if exposed after the first trick.

In this variation, the declarer can score an extra multiplier when using the skat in a suit or grand contract by showing the skat cards to the opponents before picking them up.

This variation is not recommended - there is very little advantage to the opponents in seeing the original skat as opposed to the declarer's discards so the multiplier is too easy to score.

Gamblers may like to play with a pot. This can work in various ways. A common scheme would be that everyone puts a small amount in the pot at the start or when it is empty.

Any declarer who loses a contract or a Ramsch pays to the pot as well as to the other players. The contents of the pot are won by a player who wins a Grand Hand.

If you play and lose a Grand Hand you have to double the pot. This game is played in Wisconsin, USA. It corresponds to a form of Skat played in Germany in the 19th century but no longer known there.

There are several significant differences from modern German Skat. There are no Skat contracts in the usual sense where you pick up the skat, discard, and then choose a trump suit.

The only possible games are as follows:. In Tournee Skat the declarer needs 91 card points to make the opponents Schneider - with 30 points they are out.

However, the declarer needs 31 points to be out of Schneider, as in Germany. Whilst the German minority in this region play by German rules, the Danish population play a slightly different version of the game.

The official rules of the Danish Skat Union differ from the German rules as follows:. Also hat Spieler 3 diese Aktion gewonnen und es geht weiter zwischen ihm und dem Geber Spieler 1.

Jetzt hat Spieler 1 das Reizen gewonnen und kann den Skat aufnehmen. Er muss ein Spiel spielen, das mindestens den Punktwert 24 hat. Zeigt niemand Spielinteresse, sagt also keiner der Spieler 18, wird neu gegeben.

Bock- und Ramsch-Runden Bockrunden - Die Bockrunde wird in der Regel nach einem bestimmten Ereignis gespielt und ist ein "normales" Spiel, mit dem Unterschied, das die Punkte jeweils verdoppelt werden.

Bockrunden meist mit Ramschrunden kombiniert werden gespielt wenn kein Spieler 18 hat - also alle 'weg' sind hier muss der Geber in jedem Fall nochmal austeilen nach einem Grand Hand nach einem Spiel der Alleinspieler braucht mindestens 61 Punkte zum Sieg Kontra verloren Ramsch - dieselbe Kartenfolge wie beim Grand-Spiel A, 10, K, D, Dieses Spiel zählt dann nicht als Ramsch, und der Geber, der das Spiel gegeben hat, gibt nochmal.

Vorhand nimmt den Skat auf und tauscht mindestens eine Karte und gibt dann 2 Karten weiter. Es dürfen jedoch keine Buben in den Skat gelegt werden.

Die beiden zuletzt gedrückten Skatkarten von Hinterhand werden dem letzten Stich zugerechnet. Schieben also nicht-aufnehmen verdoppelt pro schiebenden Spieler.

Nachdem der letzte Spieler den Skat weggelegt hat, kann jeder Spieler optional "klopfen". Klopfen verdoppelt.

Der Spieler mit den meisten Punkten verliert die dann noch mehrfach verdoppelt werden können. Hat ein Spieler keinen Stich bekommen Jungfrau genannt , so verdoppelt dies ebenfalls die Punkte.

Hat ein Spieler alle Stiche bekommen, hat er einen Durchmarsch geschafft und erhält die Punkte gut geschrieben - ggf. Wertung Die Augen aller Stiche der beiden Gegenspieler werden zusammengezählt.

Ein Spieler, der höher gereizt hat, als sein Spiel wert war, hat immer verloren mit dem Spielwert. Selbige Konstellation wie oben, aber Schneider angesagt von Spieler B, und die Gegenpartei erreicht 31 oder mehr Augen.

Und zwar unabhängig davon ob die Gegner auch mehr als 60 Augen oder gar 90 Augen; Eigenschneider gibt es nicht haben. Spieler C hat nur den Herzbuben und verliert ein Herz-Spiel.

Er verliert jeweils 30 Punkte ohne 2, Spiel 3, mal Spielwert 10 an die Gegenspieler. Spieler D gewinnt einen Null-Ouvert. Er erhält jeweils 46 Punkte Spielwert 46 von den Gegenspielern.

Aufschreiben Variante 1: Es werden immer nur dem Alleinspieler Punkte aufgeschrieben: Hat dieser gewonnen, so wird ihm der einfache Spielwert als positive Punkte gutgeschrieben.

Hat er verloren, dann wird ihm der doppelte Wert des Spiels als negative Punkte aufgeschrieben. Dies ist die, bei offiziellen Turnieren, vorgeschriebene Art der Anschreibung.

Dabei ergibt die Quersumme aller vergebenen Augenzahlen zu jeder Zeit Null. Das erleichtert das Aufschreiben und Nachrechnen. Der Spielwert wird in einer eigenen Spalte vermerkt.

Diese Form der Aufschreibung orientiert sich an dem Vorgehen, dass nach jedem einzelnen Spiel sofort auszahlt wird sei es mit Chips oder barer Münze - und ist eben deshalb intuitiv eingängig.

Beim Grand ist hier Schluss, beim Farbspiel geht es mit der angesagten Farbe so weiter:.

M is therefore with 1 matador not against 2 as Livescore Resultateand the game is worth only 36 "with 1, game 2, hand 3 times clubs"which is less than the bid. Skat is a three-handed trick taking game. Note that game value is dependent not only on the cards held including the Skat but also on which game is being declared and the outcome of the play. Only then it becomes apparent if declarer has won or lost if he overbid. Points from tricks are not directly added to the players' overall score, they are used only to determine the outcome of the game win or Frozen Jack for declareralthough winning by Book Of Ra 60 Cent margins Duisburg Casino increase the score for that round. Das Kartenspiel Skat wird mit 32 Karten gespielt. Der Alleinspieler muss das Spiel auf mindestens 24 aufwerten. If there are no trumps in it, the highest card of the suit led wins the Tips For Online Poker.

Auf welche Art der Alleinspieler ermittelt wird, werden Sie später noch sehen. Jede dieser Parteien versucht, möglichst viele Augen, die Zählwerte der Karten, auf sich zu vereinen.

Haben beide Parteien, der Alleinspieler und die beiden Gegenspieler, je 60 Augen, dann hat der Alleinspieler verloren. Diese drei Karten werden als Stich bezeichnet.

Er wird von einem Spieler vereinnahmt und verdeckt abgelegt. Wer erhält den Stich? Innerhalb einer Farbe übernimmt jede Karte mit einem höheren Zählwert die mit einem niedrigeren Zählwert.

Wenn drei Karten der gleichen Farbe auf dem Tisch liegen, erhält derjenige Spieler den Stich, der die Karte mit dem höchsten Zählwert ausgespielt hat.

Bei den Luschen geht die Neun über die Acht und diese über die Sieben. If there are four players at the table, the dealer deals to the other three players only, and takes no further part in the hand.

Each bid is a number which is the value in game points of some possible game see below for calculation of game values. The possible bids are therefore 18, 20, 22, 23, 24, 27, 30, 33, 35, 36, 40, 44, 45, 46, 48, 50, 54, 55, 59, 60, etc.

If you bid or accept a bid it means you are prepared to play a contract of at least that value in game points. The player to the dealer's left is called forehand F , the player to forehand's left is middlehand M , and the player to middlehand's left is rearhand R.

If there are three players at the table R is the dealer; if there are four R is to dealer's right. Throughout the bidding F is senior to M who is senior to R.

The principle is that a senior player only has to equal a junior player's bid to win the auction, whereas a junior player has to bid higher than a senior player to win.

The first part of the auction takes place between F and M. M speaks first, either passing or bidding a number. There is no advantage in making a higher than necessary bid so M will normally either pass or begin with the lowest bid: If M bids a number, F can either give up the chance to be declarer by saying "pass" or compete by saying "yes", which means that F bids the same number that M just bid.

If F says "yes", M can say "pass", or continue the auction with a higher bid, to which F will again answer "yes" or "pass". This continues until either F or M drops out of the auction by passing - once having passed you get no further opportunity to bid on that hand.

The second part of the auction is similar to the first part, but takes place between R and the survivor of the first part i. As the junior player, R either passes or bids a succession of numbers, the first of which must be higher than any number mentioned in the first part of the auction.

To each number bid by R, the survivor must answer "yes" or "pass". The winner of the second part of the auction becomes the declarer, and the bid is the last number the declarer said or accepted.

If both M and R pass without having bid, then F can either be declarer at the lowest bid 18 , or can throw in the cards without play. If the cards are thrown in there is no score for the hand, and the next dealer deals.

To remember whose turn it is to start the bidding, German players sometimes say "geben, hören, sagen" deal, listen, speak , pointing in turn to dealer, forehand and middlehand.

If middlehand forgets to begin, forehand can start proceedings by saying "I'm forehand" or "I'm listening", or "Speak to me! If you win the bidding you are entitled to pick up the two skat cards, add them to your hand without showing them to the other players, and discard any two cards face down.

The cards discarded may include one or both of the cards picked up, and their value counts along with your tricks.

Having discarded, you declare your game. If you looked at the skat, your contract is a skat game. There are seven possibilities:. Diamonds , Hearts , Spades , Clubs in which the named suit is trumps and the declarer tries to take at least 61 card points ,.

Grand in which the jacks are the only trumps and the declarer tries to take at least 61 card points ,. Null in which there are no trumps and the declarer tries to lose every trick ,.

You may choose not to look at the skat cards, but to play with the 10 cards you were originally dealt. In this case no one must look at the skat cards until after the play.

If you are declarer in a Suit Hand or Grand Hand game, you can increase the value of the game by announcing Schneider undertaking to win at least 90 card points , or Schwarz undertaking to win all the tricks , or Open Ouvert undertaking to win all the tricks with your cards exposed.

Such announcements must be made before the lead to the first trick. These announcements are not allowed if declarer has looked at the skat. Also obviously they do not apply in Null games.

Play is clockwise. No matter who is the declarer, forehand always leads to the first trick. Players must follow suit if they can. A player with no card of the suit led may play any card.

Note that in Suit and Grand games the jacks belong to the trump suit, not to the suits marked on them. For example if hearts are trumps, the jack of clubs is the highest heart , and has nothing whatever to do with the club suit.

A trick is won by the highest card of the suit led, unless it contains a trump, in which case the highest trump wins it.

The winner of a trick leads to the next. If you are declarer in a Suit or Grand game you win if the cards in your tricks plus the skat contain at least 61 card points.

The opponents win if their combined tricks contain at least 60 card points. If the declarer's opponents take 30 points or fewer in tricks, they are Schneider.

If they take 31 or more they are said to be out of Scheider. If they take no tricks at all, they are Schwarz.

The same applies to the declarer - as declarer, you are Schneider if you win 30 card points or less including the skat, and Schwarz if you lose every trick.

Note that Schwarz depends on tricks not points - if a side wins just one trick and it has no card points in it, that is sufficient to get them out of Schwarz.

If you are declarer in Null or Null Ouvert , you win the game if you manage to lose every trick.

If you take a trick, you have lost and the play of the hand ceases at that point. If you are declarer in an Open Ouvert contract - i. Play then proceeds normally, and you play from your exposed hand.

The opponents are not allowed to discuss tactics. The value of a Suit or Grand contract is obtained by multiplying together two numbers: the base value and the multiplier.

The base value depends on the trump suit as follows:. Open contracts are extremely rare: you can only play open if you did not look at the skat and you also undertake to win every trick.

By implication, an open contract includes announcements of Schneider and Schwarz,so you count: matadors, game, Hand, Schneider, Schneider announced, Schwarz, Schwarz announced, and Open.

The jack of clubs and any top trumps in unbroken sequence with it are called matadors. If as declarer you have such a sequence in your original hand plus the skat, you are with that number of matadors.

If there is such a sequence in the opponents' combined hands, declarer is against that number of matadors. Note that for the purposes of matadors, cards in the skat count as part of declarer's hand, even though in a Hand game declarer does not know what is in the skat when choosing the game.

The game multiplier is always counted, whether declarer wins or loses. The calculation of the value of a game sounds something like this: "with 2, game 3, Schneider 4, 4 times spades is 44".

The declarer must always be with or against at least one matador the jack of clubs must be somewhere , so the smallest possible multiplier is 2, and the smallest possible game value and the lowest possible bid is These are easy to score.

Each possible Null contract has a fixed value unaffected by multipliers. As with all contracts, an unsuccessful declarer loses twice the value of the game.

The Null values are:. These rather eccentric looking numbers are chosen to fit between the other contract values, each being slightly below a multiple of Before the rule change of 1st Jan , Null Hand cost only 35 when lost and Null Ouvert Hand cost only 59 - see scoring variations.

If declarer wins the game and the value of the game is as least as much as the bid, then the value of the game is added to the declarer's cumulative score.

If the declarer loses the game and the value of the game is as least as much as the bid, then twice the value of the game is subtracted from the declarer's score.

If the value of the declarer's game turns out to be less than the bid then the declarer automatically loses - it does not matter how many card points were taken.

The amount subtracted from the declarer's score is twice the least multiple of the base value of the game actually played which would have fulfilled the bid.

Note that the above are the official rules as from 1st January Before then, scores for lost games played from the hand were not doubled see scoring variations.

If as declarer you announce Schneider but take less than 90 card points, or if you announce Schwarz or Open and lose a trick, you lose, counting all the multipliers you would have won if you had succeeded.

This should normally be worth 48 game points "against 2, game 3, hand 4, 4 time clubs is 48". Rearhand has a Null Ouvert and bids up to 46, to which M says yes.

M plays clubs hand and takes 74 card points including the skat cards , but unfortunately the skat contains J, Q. M is therefore with 1 matador not against 2 as expected , and the game is worth only 36 "with 1, game 2, hand 3 times clubs" , which is less than the bid.

M therefore loses 96 game points twice the 48 points which would be the minimum value in clubs which would fulfill the bid. Had M taken say 95 card points, the Schneider multiplier would have increased the value of the game to 48 "with 1, game 2, hand 3, schneider 4 times clubs" and M would have won 48 game points.

It is unusual, but occasionally happens that the declarer in a suit or Grand contract takes 30 card points or fewer. In this case the opponents have made the declarer Schneider, and the Schneider multiplier applies.

In the practically unknown but theoretically possible case where the declarer in a suit or Grand contract loses every trick, the Schneider and Schwarz multipliers would both be counted.

Example: the declarer plays spades without 2 and takes 28 card points. Result: without 2, game 3, schneider 4. Normally a running total of each player's score is kept on paper.

At the end of a session to be fair, each player should have dealt an equal number of times , the players settle up according to the differences between their scores.

Between each pair of players, the one with the lower score pays the one with the higher score the difference in their scores multiplied by the stake.

Example : A , B and C are playing for 5 Pfennig a point. A side effect of the method of scoring is that if there are four players at the table, the dealer of a hand is effectively against the declarer, winning or losing the same as the declarer's opponents.

In tournaments organised by the Deutscher Skatverband , the game is played with four players at each table with dealer sitting out of each hand wherever possible.

A session generally consists of 48 deals. A small number of three-player tables may be formed if necessary, depending on the number of players in the tournament; at these table 36 deals are played.

The scoring is modified somewhat to reduce the difference in value between the different contracts.

At the end of the session, the following additional scores are calculated:. In an improvement in scoring at 4-player tables was suggested, by which when a contract is lost the declarer loses an extra 50 points as usual , and the two active opponents each gain 40 points instead of 30 ; with this scoring the inactive dealer at a 4-player table does not gain points when a contract is defeated.

This variation is very widely played in social games. Either opponent of the declarer, at any time before they play their card to the first trick, may say kontra.

This doubles the score for the contract, whether won or lost.

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Spielregeln Skat Video

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